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The capital of Alta California remained Monterey, because it had been because the 1769 Portola expedition first established an Alta California government, and the native political structures were unchanged. Substantial adjustments occurred during the second quarter of the 19th century. By 1809, Spain not governed California as a result of the Spanish king was imprisoned by the French.
Outside of this zone, maybe 200,000 to 250,000 Native Americans were persevering with to guide traditional lives. The Adams–Onís Treaty, signed in 1819, set the northern boundary of the Spanish claims at the forty second parallel, effectively creating at present’s northern boundary between California and Oregon. Spanish ships plying the China commerce probably stopped in California yearly after 1680. Between 1680 and 1740, Spanish retailers out of Mexico City financed thriving trade between Manila, Acapulco and Callao. The Spanish Crown considered an excessive amount of imported Asian fabric to Mexico and Lima as a aggressive menace to the Spanish American markets for material produced in Spain, and in consequence, restricted the tonnage permitted on the ships from Manila to Acapulco. Mexico City retailers in retaliation overstuffed the ships, even using the space for water to hold extra contraband cargo.
33,073 folks (54.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing models and 26,966 individuals (44.7%) lived in rental housing units. The Census reported that 60,039 individuals (ninety nine.6% of the inhabitants) lived in households, 41 (zero.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 189 (zero.3%) have been institutionalized. .According to the United States Census Bureau, town has a total area of seven.7 sq. miles , of which, 7.6 square miles is land, and 0.04 square miles (zero.10 km2) (zero.39%) is water. Public transportation is offered by the city authorities, Spirit bus service and Metrolink feeder bus, the City of Montebello and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Metro Gold Line mild rail service stops at Atlantic station just south of town limits. Metro Silver Line bus rapid transit stops at Cal State LA station, serving Monterey Park.
Since Nataly Komova , Taiwanese people are now not the bulk in the city. The development growth of purchasing facilities had declined, but plans for redevelopment sought to alter that. High property values and overcrowding in Monterey Park have contributed to a secondary migration away from Monterey Park. The end of World War II resulted in a revived development development with explosive population gains in the course of the late 1940s and 1950s. Until this time, the inhabitants was concentrated in the northern and southern parts of the city, with the Garvey and Monterey Hills forming a pure barrier. With the renewed progress, many new subdivisions were developed, utilizing even the previously undeveloped central area to allow for optimum development potential.
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During the cold climate they’d put on animal pores and skin capes and infrequently wore sandals made from hide of yucca fiber. With the arrival of the Spaniards, Old World illnesses killed off lots of the Tongva, and by 1870 only a few Native-Americans had survived. In the early 19th century the realm was part of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel mission system and later, the Rancho San Antonio. The Big Four have been the well-known railroad tycoons who constructed the Central Pacific Railroad, (C.P.R.R.), which formed the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad within the United States. They have been Leland Stanford, (1824–1893), Collis Potter Huntington (1821–1900), Mark Hopkins (1813–1878), and Charles Crocker (1822–1888).
Between 1850 and 1870, legislation made provisions for payment of wages, the mechanic’s lien and the eight-hour workday. Because of the space issue, California played a minor position within the American Civil War. Although some settlers sympathized with the Confederacy, they weren’t allowed to prepare, and their newspapers have been closed down. Former Senator William M. Gwin, a Confederate sympathizer, was arrested and fled to Europe. Powerful capitalists dominated Californian politics by way of their management of mines, delivery, and finance. Nearly all the boys who volunteered as soldiers stayed within the West to protect facilities, suppress secessionists, or struggle the Native Americans.
California Underneath The United States (Starting
Monterey Park community information is covered by town’s official news publication, the Cascades Newspaper, as well as the San Gabriel Valley Tribune. The metropolis boundaries include Los Angeles to the west, unincorporated East Los Angeles to the south and west, Alhambra to the north, Rosemead to the northeast, Montebello to the south, and unincorporated South San Gabriel to the southeast.
- Monterey Park has constantly ranked as one of the nation’s best places to stay due to its good schools, rising financial system, and central location.
- Frederic Hsieh, a neighborhood realtor who purchased land in Monterey Park and sold it to newly arrived immigrants, is credited with engendering Monterey Park’s Chinese American neighborhood.
- Monterey Park is a city located within the western San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County, California in the Los Angeles metropolitan space, United States, approximately seven miles from the Downtown Los Angeles civic center.
- Monterey Park is part of a cluster of cities with a growing Asian American inhabitants.
- Many businesses from the Chinatown in downtown LA began to open up stores in Monterey Park.
In the mid-18th century, tensions have been brewing between Great Britain and Spain. In 1762, while the 2 nations have been at war, Britain captured Manila within the Pacific and Havana within the Atlantic. This was most likely a stimulus for Spain to build presidios at San Francisco and Monterey in 1769.
Frémont’s “California Battalion” swelled to about one hundred sixty males with the addition of volunteers recruited from American settlements, and on July 19 he entered Monterey in a joint operation with some of Stockton’s sailors and marines. The U.S. naval forces (which included U.S. Marines) easily took over the north of California; within days, they managed Monterey, Yerba Buena, Sonoma, San Jose, and Sutter’s Fort. Afraid of foreign aggression, Castro assembled his militia, with Alvarado second in command, however Frémont went north to Oregon as a substitute new products. An unstable political situation in Mexico strained relations among the many Californios, and it seemed that civil war would get away between north and south. In 1836, Mexico repealed the 1824 federalist constitution and adopted a more centralist political group that reunited Alta and Baja California in a single California Department . The change, however, had little practical effect in far-off Alta California.
Mandarin Chinese grew to become probably the most widely spoken language in many Chinese companies of town during that time, displacing Cantonese that had been widespread previously. Cantonese has dominated the Chinatowns of North America for many years, but Mandarin is the most common language of Chinese immigrants in the past few decades.
The Tongva lived in dome like constructions with thatched exteriors, an open smoke hole for ventilation and lightweight at the top. During warm weather the boys wore few clothes however the ladies would put on minimal skirts made from animal hides.
It was mentioned that over the past half of the 19th century more of San Francisco’s employees enjoyed an eight-hour workday than any other American city. The San Francisco Trades Union, town’s first central labor physique, despatched a delegation to satisfy a boatload of strikebreakers at Panama and educated them. Stockton rescued Kearny’s surrounded troops and, with their mixed force, they moved northward from San Diego.
In 1983, Lily Lee Chen became the first Chinese American girl to be elected mayor of a U.S. city. By the late 1980s, immigrants from Mainland China and Vietnam began moving into Monterey Park. By the 1990 census, Monterey Park became the first metropolis with an Asian descent majority population in the continental United States. Timothy P. Fong, a professor and director of Asian American research at California State University, Sacramento, describes Monterey Park as the “First Suburban Chinatown”. The first statewide federated labor physique was the Mechanics’ State Council that championed the eight-hour day towards the employers’ 1867 “Ten Hour League”. The Council affiliated with the National Labor Union, America’s first nationwide union effort.
As a outcome, the ships coming from Manila had sufficient water for two months, but the journey took four to 6 months. The sea currents take ships sailing from Manila to Acapulco up north, so that they first touch land at San Francisco or Monterey, in what’s now California.
For the next decade and a half, the colony got here to depend on trade with Anglo-Americans and Spanish-Americans from Lima and San Blas for economic survival and political information. The victory in the Mexican War of Independence from Spain in 1821 marked the beginning of Mexican rule in California, in principle, although in apply the First Mexican Empire did during its reign.
The Chinese American population in Monterey Park and San Gabriel Valley is relatively diverse in socio-economics and region of origin. The city has attracted immigrants from Taiwan, in addition to Mainland Chinese and the overseas Chinese from Southeast Asia. There are additionally significant Japanese, Vietnamese, Korean, and Filipino communities residing inside Monterey Park. There have been 20,850 housing items at a mean density of 2,696.2 per square mile (1,041.zero/km2), of which 11,058 (55.4%) were owner-occupied, and 8,905 (44.6%) have been occupied by renters.
Garvey began developing the land by bringing in spring water from near the Hondo River and by constructing a fifty four-foot-excessive dam to kind Garvey Lake situated the place Garvey Ranch Park is now. To pay for his improvement and previous debts, Garvey started selling parts of his property. In 1906, the first subdivision in the area, Ramona Acres (named after the developer’s daughter, who would additionally later inspire the title of the novel Ramona), was developed north of Garvey and east of Garfield Avenues.
By 1872 Chinese workers comprised half of all factory employees in San Francisco and were paid wages far under white workers. “The Chinese Must Go!” was the slogan of Denis Kearney, a outstanding labor leader in San Francisco. He appeared on the scene in 1877 and led sandlot vigilantes that roamed the town beating Chinese and wrecking their companies santa cruz shredder large 4 piece herb grinder. Insight creates conversation to construct neighborhood, exploring points and occasions that connect folks in our region. Insight covers breaking information and big ideas, music, arts & tradition with accountable journalism, civil dialogue and numerous voices.
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1898 saw the founding of the League of California Cities, an affiliation intended to struggle metropolis government corruption, coordinate strategies for cities going through points similar to electrification, and to foyer the state government on behalf of cities. Importation of slaves or so-referred to as “contract” labor was fought by miners and city employees and made unlawful via legislation in 1852.
In 1988, the City of Monterey Park handed an ordinance declaring a moratorium on new constructing, in an attempt to manage the fast progress town skilled because of the influx of Asian immigrants. This moratorium was challenged and defeated in 1989 This controversial transfer triggered many Asian residents and businesses to shift focus, establishing themselves within the neighboring city of Alhambra. When the potential loss of business income was acknowledged, “Monterey Park went by way of a lot of upheaval that a lot of people regret,” and relocation again to Monterey Park was extremely encouraged within the Asian American neighborhood. Beginning within 18mm to 18mm diffused downstem 1 , well-educated and prosperous Asian Americans and Asian immigrants started settling in the west San Gabriel Valley, primarily to Monterey Park. The metropolis council subsequently tried and didn’t move English-only ordinances. In 1985 the City Council of Monterey Park permitted drafting of a proposal that may require all businesses in Monterey Park to display English language identification on business signs. In 1565, the Spanish developed a trading route the place they took gold and silver from the Americas and traded it for goods and spices from China and different Asian areas.
The City invested in the renovation of this structure which has important historic worth to the neighborhood. The Chinese-dominated enterprise district, close to the intersection of Garfield Avenue and Garvey Avenue, is called “Downtown Monterey Park”. In the mid-Nineteen Eighties, Lincoln Plaza Hotel was constructed to predominantly service vacationers from Taiwan and Hong Kong. Monterey Park has many decisions of Hong Kong fusion cafes, there are several Cantonese seafood restaurants, in addition to restaurants offering Mainland Chinese fare. In 2017, Monterey Park was recognized as “America’s Best Places to Live 2017” ranked at #3 by Money magazine and three local news TV stations. It additionally ranked at #2 in Money Magazine’s “The 10 Best Places in America to Raise a Family”.
The City’s new Board of Directors immediately outlawed sewage vegetation within city boundaries and named the brand new city Monterey Park. The name was taken from an old authorities map displaying the oak-lined hills of the area as Monterey Hills. In 1920, a large area on the south fringe of the city broke away and the separate metropolis of Montebello was established. For at least seven thousand years the land was populated by the Tongva Native Americans.
British seafaring Captain James Cook, halfway through his third and last voyage of exploration in 1778, sailed along the west coast of North America aboard HMSResolution, mapping the coast from California all the way in which to the Bering Strait. In 1786 Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, led a bunch of scientists and artists on a voyage of exploration ordered by Louis XVI and have been welcomed in Monterey. They compiled an account of the Californian mission system, the land and the individuals. In 1602, the Spaniard Sebastián Vizcaíno explored California’s shoreline on behalf of New Spain from San Diego as far north as Cape Mendocino. He ventured inland south alongside the coast and recorded a go to to what’s likely Carmel Bay. His main contributions to the state’s historical past had been the glowing reviews of the Monterey area as an anchorage and as land appropriate for settlement and growing crops, in addition to the detailed charts he made from the coastal waters .
He landed on September 28 at San Diego Bay, claiming what he thought was the Island of California for Spain. Californias’ channel islands lie offshore from Baja California to northern California, and Cabrillo named every of the channel islands as he handed and claimed them for Spain. Coastal tribes have been a significant source of trading beads, which had been produced from mussel shells and made utilizing stone tools. The harsh deserts of the southeast were house to tribes who learned to thrive by making cautious use of local plants and by dwelling in oases or alongside water courses. Local commerce between indigenous populations enabled them to acquire seasonings such as salt, or foodstuffs and different items that could be rare in certain locales, similar to flint or obsidian for making spear and arrow factors. Human history in California began when indigenous Americans first arrived some thirteen,000 years in the past. Coastal exploration by Spanish began in the 16th century, and settlement by Europeans along the coast and in the inland valleys began within the 18th century.
The Eastbound galleons first went north to about 40 degrees latitude after which turned east to make use of the westerly trade winds and currents. These galleons, after crossing many of the Pacific Ocean, would arrive off the California coast 60 to over one hundred twenty days later, near Cape Mendocino, about 300 miles north of San Francisco, at about forty levels N. They might then sail south down the California coast, using the available winds and the south-flowing California Current, about 1 mi/hr (1.6 km/h). After crusing about 1,500 miles south on they finally reached their house port in Mexico. Two elementary faculties, Hillcrest and Monterey Vista , serve this part of the city. Built in 1929, Jardin El Encanto, in any other case generally known as “El Encanto”, is a Spanish-fashion constructing positioned at 700 El Mercado. The building, initially the gross sales office for Midwick Estates, was as soon as a USO center and speakeasy.
For many years after, labor opposed Chinese immigrant employees and politicians pushed anti-Chinese legislation. Because of San Francisco’s relative isolation, skilled employees may make calls for that their counterparts on the East Coast couldn’t. Printers first tried to arrange in 1850, teamsters, draymen, lightermen, riggers and stevedores in 1851, bakers and bricklayers in 1852, caulkers, carpenters, plasterers, brickmasons, blacksmiths and shipwrights in 1853 and musicians in 1856. Although these efforts required a number of starts to turn out to be stabilized, they did earn higher pay and working circumstances and began the long efforts of state labor laws.
He had friendly relations with the Coast Miwok and claimed sovereignty of the realm for England as Nova Albion, or New Albion. Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo is believed to be the first European to explore the California coast. He was either of Portuguese or Spanish background, though his origins stay unclear. He was a soldier, crossbowman, and navigator who sailed for the Spanish Crown. In June 1542 Cabrillo led an expedition in two ships of his personal design and development from the west coast of what is now Mexico.
California was ceded to the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the defeat of Mexico within the Mexican–American War. American westward growth intensified with the California Gold Rush, starting in 1848. California joined the Union as a free state in 1850, due to the Compromise of 1850. By the end of the 19th century, California was nonetheless largely rural and agricultural, however had a population of about 1.four million.
Now often known as Heritage Falls Park or “the Cascades.” The Great Depression brought an abrupt end to the real property boom, in addition to the Midwick proposal. From the late Twenties, the City had little improvement for practically twenty years. In 1916, the brand new residents of the world initiated action to turn into a metropolis when the cities of Pasadena, South Pasadena, and Alhambra proposed to put a large sewage treatment facility in the space. The community voted itself into cityhood on May 29, 1916, by a vote of 455 to 33.
Monterey Park is a city located within the western San Gabriel Valley area of Los Angeles County, California within the Los Angeles metropolitan area, United States, roughly seven miles from the Downtown Los Angeles civic middle. Monterey Park is part of a cluster of cities with a growing Asian American inhabitants. Monterey Park has persistently ranked as one of many country’s finest locations to live due to its good schools, rising financial system, and central location. In the Eighties, Monterey Park was referred to as “Little Taipei” or “The Chinese Beverly Hills”. Frederic Hsieh, a local realtor who purchased land in Monterey Park and sold it to newly arrived immigrants, is credited with engendering Monterey Park’s Chinese American neighborhood. Many companies from the Chinatown in downtown LA began to open up shops in Monterey Park. In the 1970s and Nineteen Eighties, many prosperous waisheng ren Taiwanese immigrants moved overseas from Taiwan and commenced settling into Monterey Park.
Around this time, Japanese Americans from the West Side, Chinese Americans from Chinatown, and Latinos from East Los Angeles also began settling in the area and largely assimilated into the small-city suburban tradition. Real property became a thriving trade during the late Nineteen Twenties with buyers drawn to the many subdivisions beneath improvement and increasing commercial opportunities. The Midwick View Estates by Peter N. Snyder, a proposed backyard community that was designed to rival Bel Air and Beverly Hills. Known because the “Father of the East Side”, Mr. Snyder was a key participant in the huge undertaking in the Nineteen Twenties of creating the East Side as part of the commercial base of Los Angeles. His efforts to construct Atlantic Boulevard, his work with the East Side organization to convey business to the East Side, and his residential and commercial growth tasks along Atlantic Boulevard were a significant affect to the encompassing communities. The point of interest of the Midwick View Estates was “Jardin del Encanto”, otherwise generally known as “El Encanto,” a Spanish style constructing that was to serve as the administration constructing and group heart for Midwick View Estates. The growth additionally included an statement terrace above Jardin del Encanto and the fountain with cascading water going down the hillside in stepped swimming pools to De La Fuente.
Entering the present-day Orange County area on January 8, they linked up with Frémont’s northern pressure. With the mixed American forces totaling 660 troops, they fought the Californians within the Battle of Rio San Gabriel. Three days later, on January 12, 1847, the last significant physique of Californians surrendered to American forces. Commodore John Drake Sloat, on listening dankstop glass jacks screens to of imminent war and the revolt in Sonoma, landed and occupied Monterey. Sloat next ordered his naval forces to occupy Yerba Buena on July 7 and raise the American flag. On July 23, Sloat transferred his command to Commodore Robert F. Stockton.
Former President Donald Trump faces a second impeachment trial within the Senate a few 12 months after he was acquitted in his first impeachment. Democrats will give attention to Trump’s alleged subversion of the 2020 election, which resulted in the attempted insurrection in early January. But Trump’s attorneys will argue that the former president was exercising his right of free speech and question the constitutionality of impeaching a former president; we navigate the arguments and implications of the historic impeachment trial. Join the BizQuest Newsletter with tips about shopping for a business and steps to proudly owning your personal enterprise.
The Indian congregations at missions and the missionaries offered the important supply of merchandise that underlay export revenues for the whole colony between 1810 and 1825. Tradition has it that the padres sprinkled mustard seeds along the path to be able to mark it with brilliant yellow flowers. Later El Camino Viejo, one other extra direct route from Los Angeles to Mission San José and San Francisco Bay, developed along the western fringe of the San Joaquin Valley.
Independent miners had been largely displaced by large corporate mining operations. Railroads began to be constructed, and both the railroad companies and the mining corporations started to hire massive numbers of laborers. The decisive occasion the kind pen dream vaporizer pen kit was the opening of the transcontinental railroad in 1869; six days by practice introduced a traveler from Chicago to San Francisco, in comparison with six months by ship. The era of comparative protection for California labor ended with the arrival of the railroad.
In its pure state, it’s relatively innocent in mild to reasonable recreational use for adults over the age of 25. That’s when the mind is totally developed and might deal with the THC launched while additionally allowing the physique to soak up its therapeutic properties. Marijuana has been scientifically confirmed to impede and reverse a number of ailments including cancer, diabetes, and heart problems. Therefore, discovering a medical marijuana business on the market may be the treatment-all you’ve been looking for. Robert Hill Lane Elementary School , Griffith Middle School , and Garfield High School serve the LAUSD a part of town. They embrace Alhambra Unified School District, Garvey School District, Los Angeles Unified School District, and Montebello Unified School District.
Heavy freight motion over long distances was practical only via water, however soldiers, settlers and other vacationers and merchandise on horses, mules, or carretas , and herds of animals used these routes. Most missions turned enormous by way of land space , and yet the Spanish and Mexican workers was small, with normally two Franciscans and six to eight soldiers in residence. The size of the Indian congregations would grow from a handful at the founding to maybe two thousand by the tip of the Spanish period . All of these buildings had been built largely by the native folks, beneath Franciscan supervision. Again, there is controversy within the literature as as to whether the labor was forced. Production on missions between 1769 and 1810 was distributed primarily among the many Indian congregation. However, in 1810, the California missions and presidios misplaced their financing as the Spanish Empire collapsed from Buenos Aires to San Francisco, as a result of the imprisonment of King Fernando VII in 1808 by the French.
In 1886, when a Chinese laundry owner challenged the constitutionality of a San Francisco ordinance clearly designed to drive Chinese laundries out of enterprise, the U.S. Supreme Court dominated in his favor, and in doing so, laid the theoretical foundation for contemporary equal safety constitutional law. Meanwhile, even with extreme restrictions on Asian immigration, tensions between unskilled employees and rich landowners continued up to and thru the Great Depression. Novelist Jack London writes of the struggles of workers within the metropolis of Oakland in his 1913 novel The Valley of the Moon.
California Genocide (1846
However, more recent scholarship means that the tiny variety of Spaniards at every mission relied more upon negotiation, enticement and the threat of pressure to control the estimated 5,000 Indians typically surrounding what would become a mission. The missionaries and military were typically at cross functions of their vision of what California may turn out to be, and the missionaries most popular to depend on Indian allies to maintain control. The first quarter of the 19th century showed the continuation of the slow colonization of the southern and central California coast by Spanish missionaries, ranchers and troops. By 1820 Spanish affect was marked by the chain of missions reaching from Loreto, north to San Diego, to just north of today’s San Francisco Bay Area, and extended inland approximately 25 to 50 miles from the missions.
East Los Angeles College is a group faculty that’s located in Monterey Park in an space that was once a part of East Los Angeles . The city of Monterey Park has its own police and fire departments serving town. The median income for a household within the city was $40,724, and the median income for a household was $43,507. About 12.four% of families and 15.6% of the inhabitants had been beneath the poverty line, together with 22.6% of those beneath age 18 and 9.2% of these age 65 or over. In town, the population was unfold out, with 21.three% underneath the age of 18, eight.four% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to forty four, 22.2% from forty five to 64, and 17.9% who were sixty five years of age or older. According to the 2009 American Community Survey, Monterey Park is 43.7% Chinese American, and is the city within the United States with the most important focus of people of Chinese descent.
By 1920, the white and Spanish-surname settlers had been joined by Asian residents who began farming potatoes and flowers and creating nurseries in the Monterey Highlands space. They improved the Monterey Pass Trail with a road to help in delivery their produce to Los Angeles. The nameless pass, which had been used as a location for western motion pictures, was called Coyote Pass by Pioneer Masami Abe. Army whose route took him through Monterey Pass, a path that’s now Garvey Avenue, settled down within the King’s Hills.
Historical Past Of California Before 1900
In this context, Indians got here underneath increased strain to produce, and the missions exported the produce of Indian labor through Anglo-American and Mexican retailers. Whether the proceeds had been distributed to Indians or to local navy men got here more and more to rely upon the political talent and dedication of the person missionaries. In 1825, independent Mexico lastly send a governor to take management of California, but he arrived without sufficient payroll for the army. In 1825, the use of uncompensated Indian labor at missions to finance Mexican presidios in California became normalized. The California missions comprise a sequence of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to unfold the Christian doctrine among the native Native Americans. The missions launched European livestock, fruits, greens, agricultural trade, along with invasive species of plants into the California regions. It is widely believe in California that the labor provide for the missions was supplied by the forcible relocation of the Native Americans and maintaining them in peonage.
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Author Biograhy: Nataly Komova founded Chill Hempire after experiencing the first-hand results of CBD in helping her to relieve her skin condition. Nataly is now determined to spread the word about the benefits of CBD through blogging and taking part in events. In her spare time, Nataly enjoys early morning jogs, fitness, meditation, wine tasting, traveling and spending quality time with her friends. Nataly is also an avid vintage car collector and is currently working on her 1993 W124 Mercedes. Nataly is a contributing writer to many CBD magazines and blogs. She has been featured in prominent media outlets such as Cosmopolitan, Elle, Grazia, Women’s Health, The Guardian and others.